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FOCAL

Part of the PDP-8 Collection
by Douglas W. Jones
THE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA Department of Computer Science

The FOCAL programming language was widely used on the PDP-8 from its public release in 1969 onward. The two FOCAL manuals listed here are almost a decade apart, so they clearly demonstrate the evolution of this language. They also give some idea of who was using the language and what they did with it.

FOCAL 1969
An HTML transcription of the original FOCAL 1969 promotional flyer.

UW FOCAL
An Adobe PDF scan of the DECUS documentation, rescued from obscurity by Jim Butch.

DECUS NO.   FOCAL8-301 & 12-216
TITLE U/W FOCAL
AUTHOR Jim van Zee
COMPANY University of Washington
DATE August 1978
SOURCE LANGUAGE PAL-8/PAL-III